Chloé Sharrocks
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Equine Science Trivia Answers

Dec 18, 2009 Answer: 3. Three.
Amazingly, 90% of all thoroughbreds in the world trace their male lineage to one of three arab stallions; The Godolphin Arabian, the Byerley Turk and the Darley Arabian (or Barb)

Dec 11, 2009
Vestigial premolars are more commonly known as wolf teeth (vestigial means something that has lost most of it’s original function through evolution).

Wolf teeth are usually found only on the upper jaw, though are occasionally also found on the lower jaw. The teeth themselves have week roots and can be easily removed – many owners decide to do this. However, wolf teeth can sometimes remain below the gum surface as “blind” wolf teeth although they can be felt as small bumps along the gum. If wolf teeth have not pushed through the gum they can cause the horse to experience a lot of pain and many people also chose to have these removed.

Dec 4, 2009
Equine Quittor is an infection of the lateral cartilage in a horse’s foot and can occur as the result of an infected puncture wood or because of a chronic abscess. It is a serious complication which usually affects they front feet and is now very uncommon – years ago it was more frequently seen in heavier horse breeds. To find out more, read this article here.

Nov 27, 2009 Answer: 1. 3 hours.
Horses generally only need 3 hours sleep in any 24 hour period and can sleep standing up or lying down. Like humans, they have different stages of their sleep, including rapid eye movement sleep (REM), which is commonly associated with dreaming in humans.

Nov 20, 2009 Answer: Monocular
Monocular means that horses seen different images in each of their eyes and this is generally how a horse sees. However, our equine partners can experience binocular vision (like us humans have) but only when they look directly down their muzzle and nose.

Horse’s can see around their entire body (they have a wide range of vision), although they have blind spots directly in front of their face, underneath their head and behind them. This is why it is important never to approach a horse from behind as you can spook them and may be kicked.

Nov 13, 2009 Answer: False – horses can suffer with leukaemia.
Although relatively rare, horses can suffer with Leukaemia and unfortunately the prognosis is usually very poor. Symptoms include weight loss, anorexia, oedema and fever. Scientists believe that stable flies can transmit the equine leukaemia virus between horses.

Nov 6, 2009 Answer: 4. Haflinger

Oct 29, 2009 Answer: 2. 6-10millimetres The hoof wall of an average adult horse grows at a rate of around 6-10mm a month (equivalent to 0.24-0.4 inches a month). According to this article by Karen Briggs: "At the toe, it takes between nine and 12 months for hoof horn to grow down from the coronet to the ground surface; at the quarters, six to eight months; and at the shorter heels, four to five months."

Oct 23, 2009 Answer: True - horses are only able to breathe through their nostrils.
This is because of a flap of tissue which helps prevent horses inhaling food into their lungs by mistake. But this flap called the soft palate also prevents the horses from breathing through their mouth and is also the reason why horses cannot pant to regulate their body temperature.

Oct 16, 2009 Answer: 2. Inflammation of the bones in the spinal column
According to "A-Z of Horse Diseases and Health Problems" by Tim Hawcroft, Spondylitis is most commonly found in the lumbar region which is located between te back and the croup. When the vetebrae become inflammed and untreated for a long time, new bone can grow which can reduce movement and flexibility. The obvious symptom is a horse that is overly sensitive on its back and may ty and squat when a rider mounts.

Oct 9, 2009 Answer: 1. The hoof or foot.
The plantar cushion is a thick elastic pad of fibrous tissue behind and under the navicular and coffin bones. From here the horn of the hoof grows. According to the Pony Club Victoria website:
“The plantar cushion is a resilient mass, which rests above the frog. When pressure is exerted on the heel and the frog as the hoof strikes the ground, the plantar cushion is compressed and this compression spreads apart the heel and the lateral cartilage's which are attached to the sides of the pedal bone.”

Oct 2, 2009 Answer: 3. 80-90%
Newborn foals typically have legs which are already 80-90% fully grown!

Sept 25, 2009 Answer: 4. 175.
Horses have a whopping 175 bones on average in their bodies. While this may seem a lot, horses actually have fewer bones than humans who have around 200 bones.

Sept 18, 2009 Answer: 3. 10 gallons

Horses are capable of producing 10 gallons of saliva every day - equivalent to just over 45 litres!

Sept 11, 2009 Answer: 1. Equus caballus
The scientific name of a donkey is Equus asinus, whereas Equus burchelli is a zebra.

Sept 4, 2009 Answer: 4. 11months
The typical gestation period for a horse is eleven months, although it can be as long as 12months. According to this website “colt foals tend to be carried longer than fillies.” It is usually regarded safe to ride the mare during the first 6 months of their pregnancy but after this point there is a risk of the mare losing the foal.

Aug 28, 2009 Answer: 2. 9 pounds.

The average horse’s heart weighs around 9 pounds, although famous racehorses have been found to have much larger hearts. The legendary Phar Lap had a heart that weighed 14 pounds, and it is estimated that the American racehorse Secretariat had a heart that weighed 21 pounds.

Aug 23, 2009 Answer: 1. A dark groove in the upper corner incisor teeth of horses.
The Galvayne's Groove can be used to indicate the approximate age of the horse - it appears first at the gum line in horses of about 10 years old. With age, the groove will extend further down the tooth. For more information and photographs illustrating the groove, visit this website.

Aug 14, 2009 Answer: 3. 32 pairs (64 chromosomes in total).
Horses have more chromosomes than both cats and humans (19 and 23 pairs respectively), but fewer chromosomes than dogs, which have 39 pairs.

There is currently an ongoing Horse Genome Project that hopes to sequence an equine genetic map much in the same way as the human genome project which was completed in 2003. For more information on the Horse Genome Project, see the official website here.

Aug 7, 2009 Answer: 1. 18 pairs - 10 false pairs.
The horse has a total of 18 pairs of ribs, whose purpose is to protect the heart, lungs and other parts of the digestive and circulatory system. However, only 8 of these are attached to the sternum and are classed as true ribs. The remaining 8 are only attachd to the spine and are thus considered false ribs.

July 31, 2009 Answer: 3. No, but they do see a more limited range of colours than humans
Research has proven that horses are not colour blind, although they cannot see the full range of colours that us humans can see. This should come as no surprise to most horse riders who have probably ridden horses that take an aversion to brightly coloured show jumping fillers. However for a long time, it was thought that horses saw the world in black and white. For some interesting articles on how horses see, check out the following websites:
Horsewyse - "How Horses See"
Associated Content - "Do Horses See in Colour?"
Horsetalk - "Colour vision in horses - do horses see colour?"

July 24, 2009 Answer: 4. A rash, usually due to an allergic reaction
Urticaria, sometimes known as nettle rash, can appear rapidly as a rash on a horse's body and is usually a result of an allergic reaction to plants, bites or stings, although excessive protein in the diet can be another cause.

According to "The Manual of Horsemanship - The Official Manual of the Pony Club (10th ed)" the way to treat urticaria is be applying a calamine lotion to ease the itch and feeding a laxative diet. However, it is best to speak to your vet if you suspect your horse is suffereint with urticaria as sometimes anti-histamines are required.

July 17, 2009 Answer: 3. Seedy-Toe. This is where the horse's hoof separates from the sensitive inner lining of the hoof, known as the laminae. It occurs at the white line and causes a hole to develop which can fill with dirt and bacteria leading to an infection. It can be caused by poor conformation or as a result of lamnitis. For more information, see here.

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Freelance science and equestrian journalist. Keen dressage rider.
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Equine Science: Weekly News and Trivia Question - December 18, 2009

Seasons Greetings Barnmice readers – I hope you’re all enjoying the Christmas period. This week I’ll be talking about genetics, human health and finally how science could provide you with a novel Xmas present this year.

First, new research has found that humans could be genetically closer to horses than our canine friends.

Scientists from over 30 research groups combined their work in producing the equine gene sequence (as previously discussed in this blog) and… Continue

Posted on December 18, 2009 at 7:34pm

Equine Science: Weekly News and Trivia Question - December 11, 2009

Welcome to this week’s edition of Equine Science News. Today I’ll be talking about DNA, horse vices and alternative medicines.

Scientists have made a new discovery about the evolution of our equine partners after looking at ancient DNA.

The team of researchers from the University of Adelaide, in Australia looked at DNA from the bones of extinct horses, found in caves. They identified new horse species in the landmass of Europe & Asia and also in South… Continue

Posted on December 11, 2009 at 4:00pm — 1 Comment

Equine Science: Weekly News and Trivia Question - December 4, 2009

Welcome to this week’s Equine Science News blog. For the third week running the equestrian world has been talking lots about Bute and the FEI and earlier this week a shock announcement was made. Catch up on all the latest FEI news here as well as learning about grass sickness, selective breeding, neck anatomy and equine atypical myopathy.

On December 1st, the… Continue

Posted on December 4, 2009 at 10:05am

Equine Science: Weekly News and Trivia Question - November 27, 2009

This week the big topic of conversation in the equestrian industry has been the FEI’s decision to allow horses to compete on small amounts of Bute and other anti-inflammatory drugs. No matter where in the world you are the new regulations are being discussed, so rather than going into detail about it here, I recommend you check out the following links if you’d like to hear about some of the latest news surrounding the FEI’s decision:

Horse & Hound Online… Continue

Posted on November 27, 2009 at 4:12pm

Equine Science: Weekly News and Trivia Question - November 20, 2009

Good morning Barnmice readers and welcome to this week’s jam-packed Equine Science News blog; today I’ll be chatting about Fell Pony Syndrome, Laminitis awareness and the problems that endurance horses can suffer with.

But first, it can’t have escaped many owners notice that this week has seen the International Equestrian Federation (FEI) meeting in Denmark to discuss the future of horse sport with Bute and Rollkur being top of their current agendas. Yesterday it was announced on… Continue

Posted on November 20, 2009 at 3:08am

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At 5:51pm on February 23, 2010, Sajel said…
Thanks for your help Chloe. Trent Park was one of the places I was looking at. I have seen the other on a search I have done as well. We are looking at living in Saint Johns Woods or Hempstead from what I hear both a not to far from Trent Park. Thanks again for all your help. Niyani
At 12:30pm on February 23, 2010, Sajel said…
Hi Chloe,
My name is Niyani I am sajel's mom. We are moving to London in June and I see that is where you are from. I have been trying to find infromation about Barns that sajel can ride at and take lessons. She rides Hunter Jumper in the states. She is doing 3ft as of right now. I have heard that in Europe that they only do Jumpers. Would love to get any information you may have. Thank you for your time. Niyani
At 8:35am on July 29, 2009, angelea @ HorseGirlTV said…
hi chloé. thanks for the add.
At 8:49am on July 27, 2009, Sue Roebuck said…
Thank you,Chloe, for your help. The ideas you put forth were certainly valid. Unfortunately, they don't really pertain to us. The horses are all barefoot so that rules out shoeing problems. The pasture is on sand and clay soil and there are very few stones and no rocks. The vet really didn't have any ideas except to say it could be weather related. Since we have had hot dry summers and cold wet ones and the abscesses still appear, I tend to think maybe its not the weather.
I appreciate you taking the time to answer my query. My husband and I will keep on looking for answers. Thanks, Sue
At 6:21am on July 27, 2009, Cheyenne Billy said…
your horse is just as nice though=] what do you do whith your paint?
whats his name?
At 5:38am on July 27, 2009, Cheyenne Billy said…
your horse is gorgess!!!!!!
At 2:29pm on July 24, 2009, Sue Roebuck said…
Chloe. I just read your blog and found it interesting. I wondered if you would have more info on recurring abscesses in the equine foot. I was wondering if there might be something in our soil that causes the horses to develop abscesses. In the last 4 years we have dealt with these annoyances in 4 different horses. The last one popped an abscess in each foot within 2 weeks. We treat them by soaking the foot in epsom salts and painting the foot with either iodine or Koppertox. They are on pasture all summer and get only grass to eat. No grain. We are most frustrated by it as the horses are lame from these as well. Any ideas????
At 3:15pm on July 17, 2009, Rosemary Courser said…
Wonderful Posts! I share your keen interest in the Equine Sciences. I look forward to your future posts & the Trivia Question!
At 6:35pm on July 9, 2009, Barbara Sky Horse said…
Ohhh Hey Chloé!!
Glad to have You here!! I'm away to have a wee nosey through your website :-)
~ Barby

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